The stem cell transplants feature a lot of aspects like the bone marrow stem cells, peripheral blood stem cells and umbilical cord blood stem cell. The transplantation of the haempoeitic stem cell is a treatment to get back the body’s capability to generate. This is a juvenile tissue that helps in the growth of other blood tissue. The peripheral blood stem can be collected and cultured from the blood stream and can be used for the transplantation. The peripheral blood cell can become compatible wih the individuals’ body tissues. This establishes higher degrees of vigrosity in the body once again.
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These have little risks towards any amount of diseases. This has a bigger donor pool. The transplants’ availability is rapid as it can be pre-screened, tested, frozen and can be made ready to use in no time. The diversity of the pool is balanced through out as all the racial diversity is maintained. There is no risk or discomfort to the recipient. There is rare contamination on any scale. There are paltry chances of graft-versus-host-disease. To minimize the risk to mothers and newborn infants, normal delivery procedures should not be altered in order to collect cord blood, particularly when collecting cord blood for unrelated recipients. The patient’s blood is passed through a machine that removes the blood stem cells, the unwanted blood is returned to the body. This process is called ‘apheresis’. This lasts for 3 or 4 hours. These particular types of stem cells can be treated with drugs to cure carcinoma outgrowths. Blood cells can be transformed in to stem cells. These cells are called pluripotent because they can get converted in to any required morphology of any specific body tissue cells.
The disease cured with the blood stem cell transplants:
The Fancoi’s syndrome that is a lethal disorder of severe leukemia. The other diseases cured are acute lymphopcytic leukemia, acute mylogenous leukemia, myelodysplasis, chronic myleogenous leukemia, Hodgkin and the non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Neuroblastoma, Thalamessia, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, adrenoleukodystrophy, Huller syndrome (This also cures severe form of aplastic anemia. This also cures the Parkinson’s’ disease, Alzheimer’s” disease and certain spinal cord injuries.