Diagnosis, the preliminary step to treatment:
Diagnosis may involve a thorough examination of the patient’s medical history, physical exam and the laboratory tests including blood tests, blood cultures and wound cultures. For the diagnosis of invasive systemic disease tissue biopsy may also be done. For extensive diagnosis Potassium Hydroxide KOH, is used as the diagnostic agent. A scraping or swab of the infected region is examined after applying a single drop of 10% of the Potassium Hydroxide solution. The KOH solution helps in dissolving the skin cells leaving the Candida which when viewed under a microscope shows the hyphae and pseudo spores of Candida. When the presence of these microorganisms exceeds the normal range it strongly implies a yeast infection.
Locations of the infections:
Candidiasis is usually found in exposed and moist parts of the body such as the oral cavity, the vagina and in the folds of skin in the diaper area of the immunocompetent people. It is also considered as one of the most common cause of vaginal irritation or vaginitis, and can also occur on the male genitals, particularly in uncircumcised men. In cases of immunocompromised patients it is observed that Candida infection can involve the esophagus and can become systemic, causing a much more serious condition medically termed as fungemia. In rare cases it is also observed that children in the age group of 3 to 9 years can be affected by chronic mouth yeast infections. The symptoms usually includes visible white patches around the mouth.
Reasons for candida:
Although yeast organisms are present always in most of us they remain prevented from overgrowth and uncontrolled multiplication resulting in symptoms by naturally occurring microorganisms. The Candida albicans is found in the vaginas in most of the women without causing any harm. However when there is an alternation in the balance with other normal microbes that are present within the body it results in the overgrowth and symptoms. Other than these there are also a number of reasons that supports the causes of infections such as pregnancy, excessive use of oral contraceptives and some specific antibiotics. In many cases it has been observed that diabetes mellitus can probably increase the chances of getting infected with the yeast virus.