An overview on the topic:
At present times fungal infections have become common in almost 80% of the total population. A recent health survey has suggested that 7 out of every 10 Americans had to suffer from fungal infection at some point of their lives. The reasons for the occurrence of fungal infection are also varied. One prominent factor may be people are living longer and older people are more likely than younger people to have compromised immune systems, a major risk factor for fungal infection. Other than this the wide spread usage of antibiotics may also contributed in the increasing rates of fungal infections as studies have shown that excessive usage of oral antibiotics or antibiotic therapy of any type has got a killing effect of a beneficial bacteria that suppresses the population of the fungi. It is also found that certain pH levels of the blood and the availability of sugar encourage fungal growth and people with a high sugar diet, are at higher risk of developing an infection.
The causative agents:
Of all the other the most common organism implicated in fungal infections is the ubiquitous Candida, which is found in the digestive tract, mouth, and genital region of the human body. However researches has shown that most of us have considerable population of these microorganisms within our body but they usually remain harmless under normal conditions. It is because of the presence of some types beneficial bacteria that controls and suppresses the fungi population. Whenever the bacteria- fungus balance is altered or if the immune system is compromised there is a possible chance of an over growth resulting in an infection.
The treatment of the infection mainly depends upon where it is location and commonly topical anti fungal medication is prescribed. Some of the common forms of anti fungal includes butoconazole, clotrimazole and nystatin. In some cases oral fluconazole is used to treat vaginal yeast infections but of late it has been found out that it has an unpleasant gastrointestinal side effects. However in severe cases of life threatening situations of systemic fungal infections patients are usually treated with intravenous amphotericin B for two weeks.