The carpal tunnel syndrome involves damage of the median nerve that connects which the forearm and the hand. If the nerve gets compressed there is severe pain in the hand along with numbness and even permanent loss of sensation in the hand. Thus, to avoid too much pain and a permanent disorder, it is imperative that the trouble is immediately addressed and resolved. For this, it must be diagnosed accurately and speedily.
The symptoms of the syndrome can be seen very slowly. The pain in the hand and the wrist increases slowly, there is a tingling pain followed by a needle piercing pain along with a burning sensation in the hand. The swelling in the hand and wrist increases gradually. As the severity of the syndrome increases, there is an increased numbness in the hand. The individual finds it increasingly difficult and painful to grasp objects, write smoothly and have a tight grip. To cure this trouble, if the problem is diagnosed at an early stage, then it can be treated with normal exercises and medicines. As the degree of the problem increases, the treatment too becomes complicated. Thus the results of the diagnosis determine the exact path of treatment.
The treatment for carpal tunnel involves a thorough physical examination of the hands, arms, neck as well as shoulders. This examination determines whether the individual is actually suffering from the carpal syndrome or whether the pain is due to the daily pressures of work. It also confirms whether the individual is suffering from any other physical disorder. There are several tests conducted on the wrists and hands to check important aspects like tenderness, swelling, warmth and discoloration. The most important part of the diagnosis consists of the checking of every finger on the affected hand as well as of the muscles at the base of the hand. The muscles must be tested for their strength as well as for atrophy.
The process of diagnosis also involves observation of the responses of the wrists to the carpal symptoms which can be produced by the doctors. If the tests result in a tingling pain in the wrists of the individual along with a shock like sensations, then the individuals suffer from the carpal syndrome.
There are several other ways in which tests can be conducted to determine whether an individual suffers from the carpal tunnel syndrome. It is essential to diagnose it at an early stage to avoid any permanent damage.