Carpal tunnel syndrome is a disease of the hand featured by numbness, tingling, pain, and weakness. The disease generally affects the thumb, index, and middle fingers and is often particularly troublesome at night. A major nerve, specially the median nerve, travels down the arm and enters the hand through the carpal tunnel, which is located in the central part of the wrist. In people with carpal tunnel syndrome, pressure in the carpal tunnel is higher than in unaffected people, and median nerve irritation taken place. Carpal tunnel syndrome is not primarily an inflammatory procedure. However, pain is a common complaint, and anti-inflammatory medications are sometimes used to try to improve the pain. Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen might provide some relief but are unlikely to cure carpal tunnel syndrome.
Causes of carpal tunnel syndrome
Many conditions can cause augmented pressure within the carpal tunnel and lead to carpal tunnel syndrome. Carpal tunnel syndrome was first described with the help of a broken wrist. A broken wrist can lead to bleeding and swelling within the carpal tunnel leading to increased pressure within the carpal tunnel. Most people with carpal tunnel syndrome have no identifiable reason. It affects almost 5% of the population and is the most common in the middle-aged women. Carpal tunnel syndrome is diagnosed based on the complaints of the individual shared with physical tests and often-electrical studies. No single test is perfect for diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Instead, the person’s complaints and test findings together cause its diagnosis.
Direct injection of steroid medication by your doctor into the carpal canal has been shown to be an efficient treatment for some people with mild carpal tunnel syndrome. This is a process that can be done in the doctor’s office with only minimal discomfort. If the symptoms last a long time and are not relieved with suggested home care, one should see the doctor. Carpal tunnel syndrome is hardly ever an emergency. Milder cases of carpal tunnel syndrome have been shown to respond to the non-surgical treatment. The first line of treatment for mild carpal tunnel syndrome is to carry a wrist brace. This has been shown to ease the symptoms from the carpal tunnel by placing the wrist in a neutral position and reducing the nerve irritation. If carpal tunnel syndrome persists for a long time, permanent nerve injury is possible that will lead to numbness and weakness in the hand. Treatment is directed at the preservation of hand function.