The human body goes through constant rigors due to strains and work pressures. Of the several disorders that the body suffers from, there is the carpal tunnel syndrome. The carpal tunnel syndrome is a physical disorder which can be caused due to several reasons.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The carpal tunnel syndrome involves pressing or squeezing of the median nerve, which passes through the forearm to the hand. In the syndrome, the nerve usually gets squeezed at the wrist. The nerve is extremely important as it controls all the sensations and impulses of the palm. That means that the under-side of the thumb and fingers, excepting the little finger, receive sensations only through the median nerve. At the base of the hand, there is a narrow and rigid passage-way. This passage-way is called the carpal tunnel and is made up of ligaments and bones. This tunnel consists of the median nerve and tendons. The carpal tunnel syndrome is caused when the nerve gets compressed due to damaged tendons or a swelling which reduces the width of the tunnel. This syndrome is very common among people all over the world.
Symptoms of the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The symptoms include severe pain in the hand and the digits of the fingers which are linked to the median nerve. There is a regular tingling pain along with needle-pricking pain, burning as well as numbness also. If not treated immediately, the pain can also increase and spread to the arm and shoulder. The condition gets worse if there is a strenuous movement of wrists by the individual. The muscles of the affected hand become very weak and individuals have difficulty in holding an object. They lose the ability of gripping an object tightly. Even writing becomes a painful task. This can also involve loss of sensation of the hand on a permanent basis.
Treatment of the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
The treatment includes simple techniques like stretching exercises help to relieve pain in the wrists. It is important that the blood circulation in the wrists remains smooth and regular. Drugs include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen. This helps in reducing swelling and pain in the wrist. Medicines for the syndrome also include Corticosteroid tablets (eg prednisolone) for temporary relief. To provide temporary relief, steroid injections are also given in the carpal tunnel. Treatment also includes the use of ultrasound treatment and vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) tablets.
The syndrome can be treated with even simple form of treatments. Even at a slight doubt of the carpal syndrome, individuals must resort to the necessary treatment measures.