The different forms of diseases or infections caused by the candida are medically termed as candidiasis and are mainly classified as the fungal infection genre. The candida is capable of produce infection in a healthy individual but those with a reduced immune system function are more vulnerable in getting infected by the infection. One very interesting trait of the candida is that it can both colonize or infect any body surface. Usually mucosa that is those body surfaces that are adapted to continuous or near-continuous exposure to moisture act as the main centers for the over growth and reproduction of the candida. And so the cutaneous candidiasis of the neonate may remain limited to the skin especially the mouth and the vagina. Other than this there is the invasive type that is also termed as systemic candidiasis and is more severe than the former. However this type of the disease is only found in those persons who are either having a reduced function of their immune system or other types of weakening in their defenses. The invasive candidiasis is confined to some specific organs of the body like the abdomen, the bones and the joints, the brain including the nerves, eyes, gall bladder, the heart lungs and the kidney along with the urinary bladder. In rare cases candidiasis is also found to affect the liver, spleen and the pancreas.
What causes the disease:
Most commonly the main reason of the disease are found to be the Candida Albicans a form o9f yeast that is categorized under the fungi class of the micro organisms. However the candida microbes are normal commensals of man and can be recovered from many sources in normal and ill individuals. They are also very common in the vaginas of all women but they remain harmless. The candida is thin walled tiny yeast that are generally of 4 to 6 microns that reproduces through budding. Studies have shown that there are more than 150 species of the yeast but usually not more than 10 of them causes any form of disease or infection in the human body.