There are different types of burns, hot and cold and treating them depends on what causes the burn and how severe the burn is.
Immersing the burned area in cool water and applying clean, cool compresses should cool first-degree burns. Pain can be treated with Tylenol or aloe Vera ointment to cool the skin further and to prevent blistering.
Second-degree burn should receive medical attention especially when blisters are involved. Cold-water compresses can be used to help relieve pain. Immerse a small burn area in cold water or hold under running cold water from the tap if the skin is not broken. To not pop a blister. Protect from infection by applying a clean bandage or sterile gauze that does not stick to the skin.
Third-degree burns require emergency medical attention. These burns often involve shock, so be ready to use a thick blanket, rug or coat to cover the victim. Do not cool as this could send a person into shock; just cover the burned area with a clean cloth and transport to a medical facility.
Never apply home remedies such as butter, oil or sprays and ointments without a doctor’s instructions. Check to be sure the patient is breathing properly. Keep the patient warm with blankets, extra clothing etc.
Try to keep the individual calm and keep curious individuals away. Wait with the injured until help arrives.
Consider getting training from the Red Cross now, before you are needed.
Liquid propane and other cold burns should be treated in the following manner:
Keep the victim warm. Cover the area with a clean cloth, or sterile dressing.
Immerse the injured area in cold water to relieve pain.
Give the individual warm liquids to drink that are non-alcoholic.
Do not expose the burned area to excessive heat or cold such as sun lamps, ice, and snow.
Wait for emergency crews to arrive.
The important thing is to remain calm, keep the injured individual quiet and reassure them that help is on the way. Remember to do no harm, if you are unsure about anything, then just call for help, keep the individual calm, keep them warm. Make sure that all adult family members and all workers/employees and staff take first aid classes so that everyone is prepared in case of emergency. Remember help is just a phone call away, always carry your cell phone on you and keep it properly charged, so that it can be used in cases of emergency.
Never give first aid until the victim is away from the heat source such as flame or electrical appliance.
Know CPR, so that if the burn victim is not breathing or is lacking a pulse, you can do rescue breathing or perform CPR.