Urinary incontinence is most closely associated with women, but men may
also suffer from many different forms of incontinence. If you suspect that you may be suffering from urinary incontinence, how can you know for sure? There are five ways that your doctor can make a definite diagnosis concerning your urinary incontinence. Here is a brief overview of what you can expect from your doctor’s visit.
Your Medical History – Your doctor will conduct a full physical examination. This is the first and one of the most important steps in diagnosing any urinary problems. Urinary incontinence and other urinary problems can be caused by serious underlying medical issues. Your doctor will try to rule out any more serious conditions before making a definite diagnosis. Your doctor will take your entire medical history, including any conditions or surgeries you may have had in the past. Your doctor will also probably ask you how much fluid you consume each day, and how much caffeine or alcohol you consume on a regular basis. Your doctor will also want to know the names of all the medications that you take, including any over the counter medications that you take regularly.
Keep a Voiding Diary – Your doctor may also recommend for you to keep a voiding diary. A voiding diary is a record of all the fluids you consume as well as all the trips you take to the restroom. You will also make sure to record any instances of leakage in your voiding diary. Your doctor may ask you to keep a voiding diary for several days in order to find a pattern in your voiding schedule. This can be a great help in being able to diagnose your problem correctly.
An EEG or EMG – If the cause for your bouts with urinary incontinence are not readily apparent, your doctor may recommend an EEG or EMG for you. An EEG is an electroencephalogram, which is a test in which wires are taped to your forehead in order to record any present dysfunction in your brain. An EMG is known as electromyogram, in which wires are taped to the lower abdomen in order to measure any kind of nerve activity going on in your muscles and to enjoy the muscular activity. This can help record any muscular activity that may be associated with bladder control loss.
Physical Examination – Your doctor will probably want to do a complete physical examination before connecting you to any kind of machine. A physical examination will include a visual inspection in which your doctor inserts a gloved finger into your rectum to feel your prostate gland and make sure that it is normal sized. Your doctor will ask you about any tingling sensations you might feel in order to see if you have experienced any form of nerve damage.
Ultrasound – An ultrasound is used to sense what is happening around your kidneys and bladder. An ultrasound is also called a sonography. This test uses a transducer to send sound waves into your body and create images of what is happening inside of your body.