We all want to be safe from sustaining burns in our home, so learning how to prevent burns from happening in our home is important for all family members to learn. Burns can occur from many sources and preventing burns requires that all sources be identified and steps taken to ensure the safety of all family members in the areas of the burn sources.
Prevent Home Fire
Preventing home fires is one way to prevent burns in the home. Detecting fire as soon as possible is one way to prevent burns from happening. To detect fires quickly it is important to have working fire alarms on every level of our homes. You should check fire alarms weekly to be sure they are functioning properly. New batteries should be placed in smoke alarms every 6 months.
Every family member should be shown how to exit the home from every room in the home and fire drills should be practiced on a monthly basis.
Every family should have a family escape plan and regular fire drills that include a designated meeting place outside of the home in case there ever is a fire.
A professional electrician should check the wiring in your home at least once, every ten years.
A professional should inspect and clean any chimney or fireplace at least once every year.
Every family member twelve years of age or older should learn how to use a fire extinguisher.
There should be one fire extinguisher on every level of the home and one in the garage.
Get out of a fire safely
Should there ever be a fire in your home, every family member should be able to get out safely by making and following a home escape plan.
Every member should know the plan and practice it on a regular basis.
Every member must stick to the plan in case of a real fire.
Every member should be taught to stay low to the ground, crawling is best as heat rises. It is also easier to breathe close to the ground.
Always touch closed doors for heat BEFORE opening them.
Do not open any door that is hot to the touch.
Open any closed doors that are cool, slowly and peek out to look for any signs of fire.
If there is smoke or fire outside a room, close the door to separate yourself from the fire and smoke.
Place towels or blankets under the door and wait under a window for help.
If you, or your clothing should catch on fire, you should immediately: STOP, DROP AND ROLL
Preventing Other Types of Burns
Wearing gloves and other protective clothing when handling chemicals can prevent chemical burns.
Store chemicals such as gasoline, out of the reach of children.
Putting covers on all outlets in reach of children can prevent electrical burns. Throw away any frayed electrical cords or damaged electrical cords or appliances that have these types of cords.
Follow all instructions for space heaters and use them carefully. Teach children to stay away from space heaters.
Keep all matches and lighters away from children.
Never leave a candle lit unsupervised. Always blow lit candles out when leaving a room.
If you smoke tobacco products, do not smoke in bed. Put out used cigarettes or other tobacco products correctly.
Always touch a car seat before putting a baby or young child into it as many car seats can become hot in a hot vehicle. Always check the metal straps for car seats to be sure that they are not hot.
When you park the vehicle, always cover the car seat with a towel to prevent the seat and metal parts from becoming too hot.
Always teach children to not play on or around a stove.
Supervise stoves when they are on, never leave hot foods unsupervised when young children are around.
Do not wear long, loose sleeves when cooking. Always roll up securely long sleeved clothing and tie back long hair. Never wear flammable jewelry while cooking.
Put out a small stove fire by putting a lid over flames.
Prevent Hot Water Burns
Always test the water before putting young children into bath water.
Teach children to never touch water faucet handles during a bath
Set the temperature on your water heater to 120º F, or use the “low-medium” setting. It only takes 2 to 3 seconds for 2nd-degree burns to be caused by water that is hotter than 120º F.
Always, always turn pot and pan handles facing the back of the stove and use back burners whenever possible.
If using humidifiers or vaporizers, use cool-water ones. If using hot-steam vaporizers, keep them out of the reach of children.