Many of the childhood burns that have occurred are preventable. The majority of household burns occur in the kitchen. There are many steps adults can take to make the kitchen area safe. Here are some safe rules to follow that will allow you and your family members to prevent burns from happening.
When cooking on a stove, always turn the handles of pots and pans toward the rear of the stove. Never leave a pan or pot on the stove unattended.
Never leave hot liquids in containers that are on table or countertop edges.
Do not carry hot liquids near your child or while holding your child.
Test food and liquids before giving them to your child to consume to be sure that they are not too hot.
Test all foods prepared in a microwave before giving them to a child.
Keep all matches, and lighters out of children’s reach and in locked cabinets. Only purchase and use child-resistant lighters.
Keep your water heater set at 120º to 125º F to avoid bath and shower burns. Test the bath and shower water before allowing child to be in the water.
Make sure that all unused outlets have safety covers on them. Replace damaged, frayed or worn electrical cords.
Make sure that all levels of your home have a working smoke detector and a fire extinguisher. Check batteries in your smoke detector every week and change to a fresh battery every 6 months.
Make sure you know how to safely extinguish every type of fire.
Know how to STOP, DROP, and ROLL and teach children how to do it.
Understand first aid for burns and keep ample first aid supplies on hand.
Keep a working phone in your home so that you can call for emergency help if the need arises.
Teach children to stay away from fire, including outdoor grills. Teach them to never play with matches, cigarettes or lighters.
Store flammable liquids in proper storage containers away from the reach of children.
Teach children about fire safety.
Never leave lit candles unattended.
Fire safety is everyone’s business; make sure that all family members know how to stay safe around flammables, and while cooking or baking. Use proper equipment including oven mitts, and to be careful not to wear loose clothing when cooking.
All adults should know first aid and know where the first aid box or supplies are kept. Having a first aid chart for easy reference in an emergency is a good idea.
Remember to remain calm during a fire and to get out safely. Have all family members practice monthly fire drills so that your chance of escaping a fire in your home is increased.