Part of pregnancy fitness concerns what foods you consume. Food is the body’s fuel and when you are pregnant you are fueling two bodies (more if you have a multiples pregnancy). Just about every newly pregnant woman worries about how much weight she should gain in order to stay fit during the pregnancy. Your doctor will discuss they proper weight gain for your particular situation. Proper weight gain will depend on several factors including the current weight when you discover you are pregnant, any health issues, how many babies you are carrying, and your height, body build and age. In order to stay fit during pregnancy a woman needs to follow a healthy diet and get plenty of safe exercise.
To be fit nutritionally during pregnancy means eating a variety of foods that support the work your body has to do during pregnancy. Your pregnant body uses anywhere from 200 to 500 extra calories each day. Pregnancy presents several different food needs from those who are not pregnant. Women who are pregnant have an increased fluid need because they are making extra blood. This extra blood requirement needs extra salt and water. The growing baby, placenta and enlarging uterus will also put extra requirements on your diet such as an increased protein need, and a vital need for folate to prevent certain birth defects. It is not always easy to get these extra requirements because the newly pregnant woman is often dealing with nausea, vomiting or heartburn, which makes eating difficult at times. If the woman is carrying a multiple pregnancy than it may be even more difficult to eat the amount of calories required by her body.
Pregnant women should strive for the minimum requirement of food intake in these groups:
Grains – 5 servings
Fruits and Vegetables – 5 servings
Dairy products – 4 servings
Meat, fish and beans – 4 servings
Pregnant women need to drink at least 1.5 liters of liquid each day preferably water or unsweetened nonalcoholic drinks.
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They should not skip breakfast because it is true that it is the most important meal of the day. Your body has been fasting while you sleep so to give it a healthy start you need to feed it in the morning so that it has the fuel it needs to accomplish all the growing it does to see to the needs of the baby and mom-to-be. It is best to eat in smaller meals more frequently than when non-pregnant. Avoid eating weight-loss diets as well as avoid drinking alcohol or smoking tobacco products. Consume coffee and other drinks that contain caffeine in moderation. Avoid alcohol all together while pregnant for the protection of your baby.
What we eat not only gives us fuel so that our bodies can perform; nutrition is also used for energy, and for protection from diseases.